Welding, cutting and brazing operations present a very specific set of unique hazards. Everyone working in the vicinity should have general awareness of safe work practices.
Welding, cutting, and brazing are different hot work techniques used to bond, cut, solder, or form metals at high temperatures. Specific precautions must be taken during this high-hazard work to prevent personal injury and workplace damage.
The most common welding, cutting and brazing hazards include:
OSHA General Industry Standard 1910.252(a)(2)(xiii)(C) states that Management shall Insist that cutters or welders and their supervisors are suitably trained in the safe operation of their equipment and the safe use of the process.
OSHA Construction Standard 1926.351(d) states that Employers shall instruct employees in the safe means of arc welding and cutting.
Any worker performing hot work like welding, cutting or brazing must:
Electric shock, while performing hot work, can lead to serious injury or death caused from either from the shock itself or from a fall caused by the reaction to the shock.
Important points to remember to avoid electric shock:
OSHA General Industry Standard 1910.252(b)(3) Employees exposed to the hazards created by welding, cutting, or brazing operations shall be protected by personal protective equipment in accordance with the requirements of 1910.132.
OSHA General Industry Standard 1910.252(a)(2)(ii) Suitable fire extinguishing equipment shall be maintained in a state of readiness for instant use. Such equipment may consist of pails of water, buckets of sand, hose or portable extinguishers depending upon the nature and quantity of the combustible material exposed.
OSHA Construction Standard 1926.352(d) Suitable fire extinguishing equipment shall be immediately available in the work area and shall be maintained in a state of readiness for instant use.
Firefighting equipment and protection measures must be in place for immediate use before welding, cutting or brazing tasks are performed.
Inspect all welding equipment for damage, wear or irregularities before using. Equipment that is damaged or not working properly should be immediately removed from service.
OSHA General Industry Standard 1910.252(c)(1)(iii) Maximum allowable concentration. Local exhaust or general ventilating systems shall be provided and arranged to keep the amount of toxic fumes, gases, or dusts below the maximum allowable concentration as specified in [OSHA Standard] 1910.1000…
OSHA Construction Standard 1926.353(a)(4-5) Contaminated air exhausted from a working space shall be discharged into the open air or otherwise clear of the source of intake air. All air replacing that withdrawn shall be clean and respirable.
Welding areas require adequate ventilation. In certain areas, mechanical ventilation such as a fan, exhaust system or exhaust hoods may be needed to remove potentially dangerous fumes and gases from the work area.
If welding, cutting, brazing or soldering is a required task in your workplace, then make sure you don't skip the safety meeting! All employees who work in the area should be familiar with the unique hazards associated with welding activities and the safe work practices expected in the workplace.
Weeklysafety.com is giving away 10 free safety topics, no credit card required! Take advantage and grab your free set of safety meeting topics today by clicking the button below.
A membership to Weeklysafety.com comes at a very low price that never goes up no matter how many employees you have and no matter how many awesome safety topics you use. Included in your membership are hundreds of safety topics that you can use for your safety meetings, toolbox talks and safety moments.
Take a look at our website to learn more about everything that comes with a Weeklysafety.com membership. Click below to learn more today!
Download this free report today and get inspired to improve your workplace safety program!