Job Hazard Analysis (JHA) is a way to help workers focus on accident prevention by writing down the steps, possible hazards, and controls for any specific job. A job hazard analysis can help workers and their supervisors find hazards before they turn into accidents.
When incidents occur, one of the first questions that will be asked, or should be asked, by the manager, the incident investigator, the OSHA representative (or whoever is asking questions...) is Can I see the JHA? By using this as a starting point for any incident investigation, it can be known if the workers were aware of the specific hazard, had planned how to prevent incidents from occurring on the job site, or if the crew even knew what a job hazard analysis is and why it's important.
A Job Hazard Analysis is sometimes called by different names, depending on the company culture or industry, including:
A job hazard analysis is an exercise in detective work. The goal is to discover the following:
OSHA Standard Section 5(a)(1) Each employer shall furnish to each of his employees employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or likely to cause death or serious physical harm to his employees.
A specific work task can be separated into a series of simple steps. For each step, hazards should be identified.
As steps required to complete a job or task are identified, it is important to think about the types of hazards. Consider these common types of hazards and be sure they are included in the JHA:
More examples of tasks or hazards that lead to accidents include:
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